In this month’s English Newsletter we’re going to focus on grammar, specifically the tenses. First we’ll discuss the tenses from a theoretical point of view and then you’ll be able to watch short videos (in Hebrew) that explain each tense separately.
What are verbs?
Verbs are words that express an action, occurrence or state of being. For example:
• Jump (action)
• Begin (occurrence)
• Suffer (state of being)
In English, each and every verb has three basic forms:
V1 V2 V3
play played played
force9 forced forced
sleep slept slept
eat ate eaten
give gave given
The V1 is also referred to as the base form of the verb. If you want to make sure that a verb is in the V1 form, try adding the preposition “to” before the word. For example, you can say “to play”, but you can’t say “to played”.
The V2 is used in the past tense and the V3 is used in the perfect tenses (Present Perfect & Past Perfect) and also in the passive forms.
What are tenses?
You can think of tenses as hollow (=empty) shapes, into which verbs are inserted in order to create meaning.
Everyone knows that the tenses give us information about the time that something happens. But if that were all the tenses did, we would only need three tenses (past, present or future). In fact, the tenses can give us a lot more information than just when something happened and therefore in English we have more than 10 tenses.
In addition to time, the tenses can give us information about the duration of an action and how one action relates to another action.
Take a look at these examples:
• I am reading a book. This sentence is in the Present Progressive tense and therefore we know that the action is happening now.
• I had eaten by myself, by the time my wife got home. Here we can see the relationship between two actions. The verb in the Past Perfect tense (had eaten) happened before the action in the Past Simple tense (got).
To learn more about the tenses, watch these videos with explanations in Hebrew:
Fill in the missing words using the new vocabulary from the text above.
1. Words like “on”, “to”, “in” and “after” are ______________.
2. You can’t activate all the programs at the same time. You have to use them __________.
3. There’s nothing in this cake. It’s __________.
4. I’m interested in your offer, __________ I’m considering it right now.
5. The opposite of active is __________.
1. According to the article, _______+________=meaning.
2. True or false: According to the text, only three tenses are important (past, present and future).
Find the mistakes in the following sentences and rewrite the sentences:
1. How much people are in the room?
2. How does he feels?
3. Where it is the hospital?
4. In fact
1. Verbs + tenses=meaning
1. How many people are in the room?
2. How does he feel?
3. Where is the hospital?
איך לעבור ראיון באנגלית ב7 שלבים פשוטים – כתבה מצויינת עבור כל מי שנמצא בין ראיונות עבודה.
כתיבת מיילים באנגלית– הבסיס לכתיבת מיילים כללים ועסקיים בשפה האנגלית.
טיפים ללימוד אנגלית – מתחילים ללמוד אנגלית או מעוניינים להתחיל לשפר את האנגלית? כך תתחילו נכון!
למה ללמוד אנגלית עם לינגולרן– הכל על יתרונות הלימודים עם מורים פרטיים אונליין של לינגולרן.